A Wee Bit O’ History: The Story of St. Patrick’s Day

The Story of St. Patrick’s Day

Saint Patrick’s Day or the Feast of Saint Patrick (Irish: Lá Fhéile Pádraig, “the Day of the Festival of Patrick”) is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated on 17 March. It is named after Saint Patrick (c. AD 385–461), the most commonly recognized of the patron saints of Ireland.

Saint Patrick’s Day was made an official Christian feast day in the early seventeenth century and is observed by the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion (especially the Church of Ireland), the Eastern Orthodox Church and Lutheran Church. The day commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland, as well as celebrates the heritage and culture of the Irish in general] Celebrations generally involve public parades and festivals, céilithe, and the wearing of green attire or shamrocks. Christians also attend church services, and the Lenten restrictions on eating and drinking alcohol are lifted for the day, which has encouraged and propagated the holiday’s tradition of alcohol consumption.

Saint Patrick’s Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Newfoundland and Labrador and Montserrat. It is also widely celebrated by the Irish diaspora around the world; especially in Britain, Canada, the United States, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.

Saint Patrick

Little is known of Patrick’s early life, though it is known that he was born in Roman Britain in the fourth century, into a wealthy Romano-British family. His father was a deacon and his grandfather was a priest in the Christian church. At the age of sixteen, he was kidnapped by Irish raiders and taken captive to Ireland as a slave. It is believed he was held somewhere on the west coast of Ireland, possibly Mayo, but the exact location is unknown. According to his Confession, he was told by God in a dream to flee from captivity to the coast, where he would board a ship and return to Britain. Upon returning, he quickly joined the Church in Auxerre in Gaul and studied to be a priest.

According to legend, Saint Patrick used the three-leaved shamrock to explain the Holy Trinity to Irish pagans.

In 432, he again said that he was called back to Ireland, though as a bishop, to Christianese the Irish from their native polytheism. Irish folklore tells that one of his teaching methods included using the shamrock to explain the Christian doctrine of the Trinity to the Irish people. After nearly thirty years of evangelism, he died on 17 March 461, and according to tradition, was buried at Downpatrick. Although there were other more successful missions to Ireland from Rome, Patrick endured as the principal champion of Irish Christianity and is held in esteem in the Irish church.

Celebration and Traditions

Wearing of the Green 

Originally, the color associated with Saint Patrick was blue. Over the years the color green and its association with Saint Patrick’s Day grew. Green ribbons and shamrocks were worn in celebration of St Patrick’s Day as early as the 17th century.

Saint Patrick is said to have used the shamrock, a three-leaved plant, to explain the Holy Trinity to the pagan Irish, and the ubiquitous wearing and display of shamrocks and shamrock-inspired designs has become a feature of the day. In the 1798 rebellion, to make a political statement, Irish soldiers wore full green uniforms on 17 March in hopes of catching public attention. The phrase “the wearing of the green”, meaning to wear a shamrock on one’s clothing, derives from a song of the same name.

Celebrations by Region 

Ireland 

Saint Patrick’s feast day, as a kind of national day, was already being celebrated by the Irish in Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries. In later times he became more and more widely known as the patron of Ireland. Saint Patrick’s feast day was finally placed on the universal liturgical calendar in the Catholic Church due to the influence of Waterford-born Franciscan scholar Luke Wadding in the early 1600s. Saint Patrick’s Day thus became a holy day of obligation for Roman Catholics in Ireland. It is also a feast day in the Church of Ireland. The church calendar avoids the observance of saints’ feasts during certain solemnities, moving the saint’s day to a time outside those periods. Saint Patrick’s Day is occasionally affected by this requirement, when 17 March falls during Holy Week. This happened in 1940, when Saint Patrick’s Day was observed on 3 April in order to avoid it coinciding with Palm Sunday, and again in 2008, where it was officially observed on 14 March. Saint Patrick’s Day will not fall within Holy Week again until 2160. However, the secular celebration is always held on 17 March.

In 1903, Saint Patrick’s Day became an official public holiday in Ireland. This was thanks to the Bank Holiday (Ireland) Act 1903, an act of the United Kingdom Parliament introduced by Irish Member of Parliament James O’Mara. O’Mara later introduced the law that required that pubs and bars be closed on 17 March after drinking got out of hand, a provision that was repealed in the 1970’s. The first Saint Patrick’s Day parade held in the Irish Free State was held in Dublin in 1931 and was reviewed by the then Minister of Defence Desmond Fitzgerald.

In the mid-1990s the government of the Republic of Ireland began a campaign to use Saint Patrick’s Day to showcase Ireland and its culture. The government set up a group called St Patrick’s Festival, with the aims:

  • To offer a national festival that ranks amongst all of the greatest celebration in the world
  • To create energy and excitement throughout Ireland via innovation, creativity, grassroots involvement, and marketing activity
  • To provide the opportunity and motivation for people of Irish descent (and those who sometimes wish they were Irish) to attend and join in the imaginative and expressive celebrations
  • To project, internationally, an accurate image of Ireland as a creative, professional and sophisticated country with wide appeal.

The first Saint Patrick’s Festival was held on 17 March 1996. In 1997, it became a three-day event, and by 2000 it was a four-day event. By 2006, the festival was five days long; more than 675,000 people attended the 2009 parade. Overall 2009’s five-day festival saw close to 1 million visitors, who took part in festivities that included concerts, outdoor theatre performances, and fireworks. SkyFest forms the centerpiece of the festival.

The topic of the 2004 Saint Patrick’s Symposium was “Talking Irish”, during which the nature of Irish identity, economic success, and the future were discussed. Since 1996, there has been a greater emphasis on celebrating and projecting a fluid and inclusive notion of “Irishness” rather than an identity based around traditional religious or ethnic allegiance. The week around Saint Patrick’s Day usually involves Irish language speakers using more Irish during Seachtain na Gaeilge (“Irish Language Week”).

As well as Dublin, many other cities, towns, and villages in Ireland hold their own parades and festivals, including Cork, Belfast, Derry, Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick, and Waterford.

The biggest celebrations outside Dublin are in Downpatrick, County Down, where Saint Patrick is rumored to be buried. In 2004, according to Down District Council, the week-long Saint Patrick’s Festival had more than 2,000 participants and 82 floats, bands, and performers and was watched by more than 30,000 people.

The shortest St Patrick’s Day parade in the world takes place in Dripsey, Cork. The parade lasts just 100 yards and travels between the village’s two pubs.

Christian leaders in Ireland have expressed concern about the secularization of St Patrick’s Day. In The Word magazine’s March 2007 issue, Fr. Vincent Twomey wrote, “It is time to reclaim St Patrick’s Day as a church festival.” He questioned the need for “mindless alcohol-fueled revelry” and concluded that “it is time to bring the piety and the fun together.”

Argentina 

In Buenos Aires, a party is held in the downtown street of Reconquista, where there are several Irish pubs; in 2006, there were 50,000 people in this street and the pubs nearby. Neither the Catholic Church nor the Irish community, the fifth largest in the world outside Ireland, take part in the organization of the parties.

Canada 

One of the longest-running and largest Saint Patrick’s Day parades in North America occurs each year in Montreal, whose city flag includes a shamrock in its lower-right quadrant. The annual celebration has been organized by the United Irish Societies of Montreal since 1929. The parade has been held annually without interruption since 1824, However, St. Patrick’s Day itself has been celebrated in Montreal as far back as 1759 by Irish soldiers in the Montreal Garrison following the British conquest of New France.

In Manitoba, the Irish Association of Manitoba runs an annual three-day festival of music and culture based around Saint Patrick’s Day.

In 2013, the Celtic Fest Vancouver Society organized an annual festival in downtown Vancouver to celebrate the Celtic Nations and their culture. This event, which includes a parade, occurs the weekend closest to Saint Patrick’s Day.

In Quebec City, there was a parade from 1837 to 1926. The Quebec City St-Patrick Parade returned in 2010 after an absence of more than 84 years. For the occasion, a portion of the New York Police Department Pipes and Drums were present as special guests.

There has been a parade held in Toronto since at least 1863. The Toronto Maple Leaf’s hockey team was known as the Toronto St. Patrick’s from 1919 to 1927 and wore green jerseys. In 1999, when the Maple Leaf’s played on Saint Patrick’s Day, they wore green Saint Patrick’s retro uniforms. There is a large parade in the city’s downtown core on the Sunday prior to 17 March which attracts over 100,000 spectators.

Some groups, notably Guinness, have lobbied to make Saint Patrick’s Day a national holiday.

In March 2009, the Calgary Tower changed its top exterior lights to new green CFL bulbs just in time for Saint Patrick’s Day. Part of an environmental non-profit organization’s campaign (Project Porchlight), the green represented environmental concerns. Approximately 210 lights were changed in time for Saint Patrick’s Day, and resembled a Leprechaun’s hat. After a week, white CFLs took their place. The change was estimated to save the Calgary Tower some $12,000 and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 104 tonnes.

Great Britain 

In Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother used to present bowls of shamrock flown over from Ireland to members of the Irish Guards, a regiment in the British Army consisting primarily of soldiers from both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Guards still wear shamrock on this day, flown in from Ireland.

Christian denominations in Great Britain observing his feast day include The Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church.

Horse racing at the Cheltenham Festival attracts large numbers of Irish people, both residents of Britain and many who travel from Ireland, and usually coincides with Saint Patrick’s Day.

Birmingham holds the largest Saint Patrick’s Day parade in Britain with a city center parade over a two-mile (3 km) route through the city center. The organizers describe it as the third biggest parade in the world after Dublin and New York.

London, since 2002, has had an annual Saint Patrick’s Day parade which takes place on weekends around the 17th, usually in Trafalgar Square. In 2008 the water in the Trafalgar Square fountains was dyed green.

Liverpool has the highest proportion of residents with Irish ancestry of any English city. This has led to a long-standing celebration on St Patrick’s Day in terms of music, cultural events and the parade.

Manchester hosts a two-week Irish festival in the weeks prior to St Patrick’s Day. The festival includes an Irish Market based at the city’s town hall which flies the Irish tricolor opposite the Union Flag, a large parade as well as a large number of cultural and learning events throughout the two-week period.

The Scottish town of Coatbridge, where the majority of the town’s population are of Irish descent, also has a Saint Patrick’s Day Festival which includes celebrations and parades in the town center.

Glasgow has a considerably large Irish population; due, for the most part, to the Irish immigration during the 19th century. This immigration was the main cause in raising the population of Glasgow by over 100,000 people. Due to this large Irish population, there is a considerable Irish presence in Glasgow with many Irish theme pubs and Irish interest groups who run annual celebrations on St Patrick’s day in Glasgow. Glasgow began an annual Saint Patrick’s Day parade and festival in 2007.

International Space Station 

Astronauts on board the International Space Station have celebrated the festival in different ways. Irish-American Catherine Coleman played a hundred-year-old flute belonging to Matt Molloy and a tin whistle belonging to Paddy Maloney, both members of the Irish music group The Chieftains, while floating weightless in the space station on Saint Patrick’s Day in 2011. Her performance was later included in a track called “The Chieftains In Orbit” on the group’s album, Voice of Ages.

Chris Hadfield took photographs of Ireland from earth orbit, and a picture of himself wearing green clothing in the space station and posted them online on Saint Patrick’s Day in 2013. He also posted online a recording of himself singing Danny Boy in space.

Japan

Saint Patrick’s Parades are now held in many locations across Japan. The first parade, in Tokyo, was organized by The Irish Network Japan (INJ) in 1992. Nowadays parades and other events related to Saint Patrick’s Day spread across almost the entire month of March.

Malaysia

The St. Patrick’s Society of Selangor, which has been in existence since 1925, organizes the annual St. Patrick’s Ball, the biggest St Patrick’s Day celebration in Asia. Guinness Anchor Berhad also organizes 36 parties across the country in places like the Klang Valley, Penang, Johor Bahru, Malacca, Ipoh, Kuantan, Kota Kinabalu, Miri and Kuching.

Montserrat

The tiny island of Montserrat is known as “Emerald Island of the Caribbean” because of its founding by Irish refugees from Saint Kitts and Nevis. Along with Ireland and the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, St Patrick’s Day is a public holiday. The holiday also commemorates a failed slave uprising that occurred on 17 March 1768.

Russia

The first Saint Patrick’s Day parade took place in Russia in 1992. Since 1999, there is an annual international “Saint Patrick’s Day” festival in Moscow and other Russian cities. The Moscow parade has both official and unofficial parts. The first seems like a military parade and is performed in collaboration with the Moscow government and the Irish embassy in Moscow. The unofficial parade is performed by volunteers and seems more like a carnival and show with juggling, stilts, jolly-jumpers and Celtic music.

South Korea

The Irish Association of Korea has celebrated Saint Patrick’s Day since 1976 in Seoul (the capital city of South Korea). The place of parade and festival has been moved from Itaewon and Daehangno to Cheonggyecheon.

Switzerland

While Saint Patrick’s Day in Switzerland is commonly celebrated on 17 March with festivities similar to those in neighboring central European countries, it is not unusual for Swiss students to organize celebrations in their own living spaces on Saint Patrick’s Eve. Most popular are usually those in Zurich’s Kreis 4. Traditionally, guests also contribute with beverages and dress accordingly in green.

United States

Saint Patrick’s Day, while not a legal holiday anywhere in the United States, is nonetheless widely recognized and celebrated throughout the country. It is observed as a celebration of Irish and Irish American culture. Celebrations include prominent displays of the color green, eating and drinking, religious observances, and numerous parades. The holiday has been celebrated on the North American continent since the late eighteenth century.

DAVA 62 Standing Rules Adopted March 12, 2019

STANDING RULES

Disabled American Veterans Auxiliary

Buffalo, MO   Unit 62

Adopted:  March 12 2019

  1. The name of the Unit shall be Disabled American Veterans Auxiliary, Buffalo, MO Unit 62.
  2. Unit 62 meetings shall be held monthly in conjunction with our parent Chapter 62, at the Chapter 62 building, 1100 N. Maple, Buffalo, MO.
  3. A new member shall be presented a Constitution and Bylaws book, Unit Standing Rules, brief history of the Unit and a Unit roster by the Commander or the Membership Chairman. 
  4. The Commander shall appoint an Adjutant, Chaplain and any other Committees deemed necessary. (Reference National Constitution and Bylaws Unit Article XIV Sections 1 and 2.)
  5. The Nominating Committee shall consist of three (3) members, one (1) of which must be a Past Unit Commander and two (2) active senior members (18 and above) in good standing. The Commander shall read the names of this committee at the February meeting. This Committee shall select a slate of Officers for elections to be presented at the March meeting. Nominations may be made from the floor. (Elected Offices consist of Commander, Sr. Vice Commander, Jr. Vice Commander and Treasurer.)
  6. Notifications of the election shall be sent by mail, phone, or social media not less than ten (10) days prior to the annual election.
  7. Election of Unit Officers shall be held each year at the regular April meeting and such newly elected Officers shall be installed at the May meeting.
  8. The Executive Committee shall be composed of the Commander, Sr. Vice Commander, Jr. Vice Commander, Treasurer, Immediate Past Commander and four (4) active senior members (18 and above). The Adjutant must be present to take minutes, but is not necessarily a member of the Executive Committee. Executive Committee meetings shall be scheduled upon the request of the Commander. (Reference National Constitution and Bylaws Unit Article IV Section 1, Unit Article XII Section 1 and Unit Article XI Section 3-2.)
  9. The Sr. Vice Commander shall serve as the Legislative Chairman.
  10. The Jr. Vice Commander shall serve as the Community Service Chairman and may select additional member(s) to serve for the purpose of the food drive for the local food pantry in December.
  11. The Chaplain shall send cheer cards, sympathy cards and flowers/plants to Auxiliary members and members of the parent Chapter 62 as needed for the death, and milestone birthday/anniversary, provided funds are available. (Milestone birthdays are 70+ years in 5-year increments and milestone anniversaries are 25+ years in 5-year increments). The Chaplain will be allowed expenses for cards, stamps and flowers/plants upon request and must present all receipts to the Treasurer for reimbursement from General Funds. The Chaplain shall report at each Unit meeting the number of cards and flowers/plants sent.  Flowers/plants must be ordered from Katrina’s Flowers in Buffalo.  The Chaplain shall also send a list of deceased member’s names to the State Chaplain by March 5th of each year.
  12. The Historian shall serve at the pleasure of the Commander.  A History/Memory Book will be kept and updated for the Unit.
  13. The Commander and the Chaplain are responsible for the meeting room being set up.
  14. A State Executive Committee member and an Alternate State Executive member shall be elected from the floor at the election meeting in May. $25.00 will be allowed for the SEC or the Alternate SEC to attend each State Executive meeting, provided funds are available.
  15. The registration fee will be paid for each member in good standing who attends the State and/or National Fall Conference(s) and Convention(s). Registration fees to be paid after said Conference(s) or Convention(s) provided funds available.  Lodging shall be provided for the Unit Commander. Lodging shall be provided  for the Junior DAV Chaperone for any Fall Conference and/or Convention that the Junior DAV members attend provided funds are available and receipts are presented.
  16. At least one (1) rummage sale and bake sale shall be held annually.  Income from the August sale shall be used for assisting the Chapter with payment for propane for the year. If a second sale is held, the income may be used to assist the Chapter with other bills or building improvements, if needed. The Unit will reimburse the Chapter for the electric bill for the month of the rummage sale(s).
  17. The Unit records shall be destroyed within the guidelines from National.
  18. Unit Commander shall appoint a Standing Rules Committee at the February meeting, and said Committee will present changes and/or updates to the Standing Rules at the March meeting. Any changes and/or updates will be adopted prior to the election meeting in April.
  19. A quorum for meetings shall consist of four (4) senior members (18 and above) with one (1) being the Unit Commander or a Vice Commander and one (1) senior member (18 and above) that is not in an elected position.
  20. The checking account for the Unit shall be maintained at O’Bannon Bank in Buffalo, MO.
  21. The Unit shall collect Best Choice labels, and the funds collected from this will go into the General Fund of the Unit.
  22. The Unit shall give an annual gift of $25.00 for the outgoing State Commander provided funds are available.
  23. The Unit shall maintain a website for communication with its members as well as the general public.  The URL shall be https://davaux-buffalomo.org.  Judi Woods will work with the Officers of the Unit to keep this site updated.
  24. The Unit agrees to pay the following recurring bills provided the funds are available.
    1. $175 to the Chapter for monthly housekeeping.
    2. Wood’s Supermarket in house charge account.
    3. $200 annually to purchase supplies for a Veterans Home HBA closet.
    4. A working fund of $500 monthly to the Kitchen Manager (to be paid at the regular Unit meeting).The Kitchen Manager shall turn over all receipts and any unused funds to a Line Officer prior to the next Unit meeting. 
    5. A working fund of $200 to the Baker prior to the rummage sale(s).  The Baker will turn in all receipts and any left over funds within thirty (30) days from the rummage sale(s).

Standing Rules Committee:
Mary Beavers

Beverly Mauer

Peggy Roberts

Judi Woods

Yvonne Piland

Americanism: One Vote Can Change Things

What is Americanism

By Evelyn “Granny” Painter

Ok, to me Americanism is the right to speak our feelings on a subject without being criticized for our opinion.

It is also the freedom to go to the church we wish, dress the way we feel comfortable, and vote the way we feel is the right way in our opinion.

April 2, 2019 is Election day for our State of Missouri.

Our duty as Americans is to go out and vote whenever possible.

If we do not use our privilege to vote, then we must keep quiet about how the election returns happen to turn out.

Some say that their one vote would not change anything, I beg to differ.

Here are some examples of how one vote did in fact, change things:

Every election held becomes more critical if each of us is to maintain our personal freedom; yet every election finds thousands of eligible citizens who do not vote.

The fact that all too many citizens do not vote is a tragedy, even more tragic is many who do not vote believe that their one vote does not matter.

HOW IMPORTANT IS JUST ONE VOTE?

1645: One vote gave Oliver Cromwell control of England

1649: One vote cause Charles I of England to be executed.

1776: One vote gave America the English Language instead of German.

1845: One vote brought Texas into the Union.

1868: One vote saved President Andrew Johnson from impeachment.

1876: One vote changes France from a monarchy to a Republic.

1876: One vote gave Rutherford B. Hayes the Presidency of the United States.

1923: One vote gave Adolf Hitler leadership of the Nazi Party.

1941: One vote saved selective service-just weeks before Pearl Harbor.

1948: Lyndon B. Johnson was elected to the U.S. Senate by less than one vote per precinct in the state of Texas. (He eventually became President of the United States and appointed Thurgood Marshall to the U.S. Supreme Court.)

1982: Governor James R. Thompson was reelected Governor of Illinois by less than one vote per precinct.

How important is one vote? Your vote? A wise man once said, “Liberty means responsibility-this is why most men dread it.” That wise man was John F. Kennedy, January 20, 1961.

Do you dread it, or do you consider liberty your responsibility- to be preserved where it counts most, in the ballot box? Is one vote important? Yes! Your vote makes a difference and so do you.